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Bhutan profile
landlocked;
strategic location between China and India;
controls several key Himalayan mountain passes
Bhutan history
In 1865, Britain and Bhutan signed the Treaty of Sinchulu, under which Bhutan would receive an annual subsidy in exchange for ceding some border land to British India. Under British influence, a monarchy was set up in 1907; three years later, a treaty was signed whereby the British agreed not to interfere in Bhutanese internal affairs, and Bhutan allowed Britain to direct its foreign affairs. This role was assumed by independent India after 1947. Two years later, a formal Indo-Bhutanese accord returned to Bhutan the areas annexed by the British, formalized the annual subsidies the country received, and defined India's responsibilities in defense and foreign relations. In March 2005, King Jigme Singye WANGCHUCK unveiled the government's draft constitution - which introduced major democratic reforms - and pledged to hold a national referendum for its approval. In December 2006, the King abdicated the throne in favor of his son, Jigme Khesar Namgyel WANGCHUCK, in order to give him experience as head of state before the democratic transition. In early 2007, India and Bhutan renegotiated their treaty to allow Bhutan greater autonomy in conducting its foreign policy, although Thimphu continues to coordinate policy decisions in this area with New Delhi. Elections for seating the country's first parliament were completed in March 2008; the king ratified the country's first constitution in July 2008. The disposition of some 40,000 Bhutanese refugees - housed in two UN refugee camps in Nepal - remains unresolved.
interesting Bhutan facts
Conventional long form: Kingdom of Bhutan
Conventional short form: Bhutan
Local long form: Druk Gyalkhap
Local short form: Druk Yul
fun Bhutan facts for kids
Bhutan's capital city is Thimphu
amazing Bhutan facts
Bhutan Constitution:

ratified 18 July 2008
Bhutan facts for kids
Bhutan population growth rate: 1.157%
Bhutan facts for kids
Bhutan highest point: Gangkar Puensum 7,570 m
interesting Bhutan facts for kids
Bhutan lowest point: Drangeme Chhu 97 m
fun Bhutan facts for kids
About 2% of Bhutan's land is arable.
Bhutan fun facts for kids
Puna Tsang Chu River is the Longest River in Bhutan
Bhutan fun facts for kids
Bhutan birth rate is 19 births/1,000 population
Bhutan fun facts for kids
Bhutan infant mortality rate is 42 deaths/1,000 live births
Bhutan fun facts for kids
Bhutan fertility rate is 2.07 children born/woman
Bhutan fun facts for kids
Bhutan climate:

varies;

tropical in southern plains;

cool winters and hot summers in central valleys;

severe winters and cool summers in Himalayas
interesting Bhutan facts
Top 10 cities of Bhutan with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Thimphu: 62,500
2. Phuntsholing: 60,400
3. Punakha: 21,500
4. Samdrup Jongkhar: 13,800
5. Geylegphug: 6,700
6. Paro: 4,400
7. Trashigang: 4,400
8. Wangdue Phodrang: 3,300
9. Taga Dzong: 3,100
10. Trongsa: 2,300
Bhutan fun facts for kids
Bhutan ethnic groups:

Bhote - 50%
ethnic Nepalese - 35% (includes Lhotsampas - one of several Nepalese ethnic groups)
indigenous or migrant tribes - 15%
interesting Bhutan facts
Bhutan Exports:

electricity (to India), ferrosilicon, cement, calcium carbide, copper wire, manganese, vegetable oil
interesting Bhutan facts
Bhutan Imports:

fuel and lubricants, passenger cars, machinery and parts, fabrics, rice
interesting Bhutan facts
bicameral Parliament consists of the non-partisan National Council (25 seats; 20 members elected by each of the 20 administrative districts (dzongkhags) for four-year terms and 5 members nominated by the King); and the National Assembly (47 seats; members nominated by the two parites and elected by direct, popular vote for five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
20 districts (dzongkhag, singular and plural)

1. Bumthang
2. Chhukha
3. Chirang
4. Daga
5. Gasa
6. Geylegphug
7. Ha
8. Lhuntshi
9. Mongar
10. Paro
11. Pemagatsel
12. Punakha
13. Samchi
14. Samdrup Jongkhar
15. Shemgang
16. Tashigang
17. Tashi Yangtse
18. Thimphu
19. Tongsa
20. Wangdi Phodrang
Political parties and leaders:
Bhutan Peace and Prosperity Party (Druk Phuensum Tshogpa) (DPT) - Jigme THINLEY

People's Democratic Party (PDP) - Tshering TOBGAY



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